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Brooding process

Posted by Karabo Kgophane on 20 October 2021, 16:15 SAST
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Brooding is defined as the management of chicks from one day old to about 4-8 weeks of age, and it involves the provision of heat and other necessary care during chicks' early growing period.

To practice, the right brooding process means that you are more than one step ahead in succeeding with the flock. Keeping abreast with the problems that may occur in the brooding stage of birds is to be forearmed. And Ignorance is not an excuse and in poultry farming, you don’t cut corners.

Now, let's look at the problems that may occur during the brooding process and their possible solutions:

  • Coccidiosis control – It is the most common disease of poultry at a young age. Coccidiostat is added to feed in sufficient quantity to suppress the multiplication of oocytes.
  • Stress – Occurs when birds are handled during the vaccination and due to that bird's huddle together. To overcome the problem, we may increase the brooder temperature to fill birds comfortable or we may add anti stressor compound in water/feed to overcome stress
  • Inclement Weather – Environmental heat may create severe stress although young chicks can tolerate higher temperatures than older birds. When the temperature is more, the birds will eat less and drink more water. To overcome this problem increase the feed and water along with an increase in the floor space allowance.
  • Unabsorbed yolk – High temperature of chicks during the first two days under the brooder also lowers the yolk absorption. Diseases that raise the body temperature prevent the utilization of the yolk material in young chicks. Feeding chicks soon after hatching also causes a slower absorption of yolk materials in young chicks.
  • Mortality Standards – Chick mortality during the first week in the brooder house is higher than any week. Losses during the second week should be slightly less.

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